The Nigerian poultry sector has expanded rapidly in recent years. Local production only meets 30% of the demand for chicken eggs and meat, thus there is huge scope for the industry to expand.
- Nigeria has the largest annual egg production and second largest chicken population in Africa.
- The Nigerian poultry industry comprises about 180 M birds.
- Of these, 80 M chickens are raised in extensive systems, 60 M in semi-intensive, and the remaining 40 M in intensive systems.
- Poultry production in Nigeria amounts up to 300 Mt of meat and 650 Mt eggs per year.
- About 85 M Nigerians are involved in poultry production (many on a small to medium scale).
From statistics 25% are commercially farmed, 15% semi commercially farmed and 60% raised in backyards. Today, it stands as one of the investment in agriculture in Nigeria. The levels of profitability for the areas of organic poultry production examined are low or non-existent for small scale production; but it may reach the reasonable level of income for large scale production.
Modernizing/Industrializing poultry farms in West Africa addresses food security and factors affecting such development include; lack of adequate financing, paucity of high level technical expertise and input-related problems.
The Poultry Production System in Nigeria
1. Industrial Integrated system
2. Commercial production system
3. Small scale commercial production system
4. Backyard system (backyard here indicates a low level input and output production unlike the literal backyard meaning as some individuals may define it).
Nigeria need to have a long term plan of feeding her people through the development of Poultry farm. Adequate funds and technical skills in poultry/feed production is sure to produce high quality products.
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Issues and opportunities for poultry
- The traditional indigenous poultry system is inexpensive and low input, with the capacity to handle harsh weather conditions and adapt to adverse environments.
- Rural poultry systems are generally of small-scale, characterized by insufficient hygiene management and receive little or no veterinary inputs.
- The costs of labor, medication, and fluctuating feed prices constitute substantial input costs in poultry production.
- Small-scale farmers suffer from marketing problems due to lack of market access with poor infrastructure.
- Indigenous birds are preferred by the majority of Nigerians for their taste, pigment, leanness and suitability for traditional dishes.
- Poultry production has not kept pace with the rapid increase in domestic consumption.
- There is enormous potential for the poultry industry in Nigeria to enhance food and nutritional security, while contributing to household and economic growth.
- Modelling can assist in understanding how interventions can improve egg and meat production for extensive backyard systems.
Population increase in countries heightens the demand for foods especially protein; and in meeting those demands for animal proteins, animal production in Nigeria should be greatly developed. Remember the future of agriculture requires new and pioneering partnerships- partner with CloudFarmFunds today & together we make agriculture greener in Nigeria. #EmpoweringFarmers #EnrinchingFunders
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